Guiding Principles

The skills and experience of CST group facilitators are integral to the effective running of sessions. There are 18 'Key Principles' which facilitators must incorporate into sessions:

  1. Mental stimulation
  2. New ideas, thoughts and associations
  3. Using orientation, both sensitively and implicitly
  4. Opinions rather than facts
  5. Using reminiscence as an aid to the here-and-now
  6. Physical movement
  7. Providing triggers to aid recall
  8. Continuity and consistency between sessions
  9. Implicit (rather than explicit) learning
  10. Stimulating language
  11. Stimulating executive functioning
  12. Person-centred
  13. Respect
  14. Involvement and inclusion
  15. Choice
  16. Fun
  17. Maximising potential
  18. Building / strengthening relationships

These principles are outlined in more detail in our training manuals and on CST training courses.