References

  1. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. (2018). Dementia: assessment, management and support for people living with dementia and their carers (NICE Guideline No. 97). Retrieved from https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng97
  2. Spector A., Woods B., Stoner R. C., and Orrell M. (2020). Making a Difference 1: an evidence based group program to offer maintenance Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) to people with dementia. (Second edition) Hawker Publications, UK.
  3. Spector A, Thorgrimsen L, Woods B, Royan L, Davies S, Butterworth M and Orrell M (2003). Efficacy of an evidence-based cognitive stimulation therapy programme for people with dementia: Randomised Controlled Trial. British Journal of Psychiatry, 183: 248-254.
  4. Spector A, Orrell M, Davies S and Woods B (2000). "Reality Orientation for dementia: A review of the evidence of effectiveness from randomised controlled trails." The Gerontologist, 40 (2), 206-212.
  5. Woods R, Spector A, Jones C, Orrell M and Davies S (2005). Reminiscence therapy for dementia: A review of the evidence of effectiveness from randomised controlled trails. In The Cochrane Library, 2, 2005. Oxford
  6. Spector A, Orrell M, Davies S and Woods B (2001). Can reality orientation be rehabilitated? Development and piloting of an evidence-based programme of cognition-based therapies for people with dementia. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 11(3/4): 193-196.
  7. Lobbia, A., Carbone, E., Faggian, S., Gardini, S., Piras, F., Spector, A., Borella, E. (2018). The efficacy of Cognitive Stimulation therapy (CST) for people with mild to moderate dementia: a review. European Psychologist.
  8. Spector A, Gardner C & Orrell M (2011). The impact of Cognitive Stimulation Therapy groups on people with dementia: views from participants, their carers and group facilitators. Ageing & Mental Health, 15 (8): 945-949.
  9. Orrell M., Aguirre E., Spector A., Hoare Z., Streater A., Woods B., Streater A., Donovan H., Hoe J., Russell I (2014). Maintenance cognitive stimulation therapy for dementia: single-blind, multicentre, pragmatic randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Psychiatry.
  10. Orgeta, V., Leung, P., Yates, L., Kang, S., Hoare, Z., Henderson, C., ... & Moniz-Cook, E. D. (2015). Individual cognitive stimulation therapy for dementia: a clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness pragmatic, multicentre, randomised controlled trial. Health Technology Assessment, 19(64), 1-108.
  11. Knapp M, Thorgrimsen L, Patel A, Spector A, Hallam A, Woods B and Orrell M (2005). Cognitive Stimulation Therapy for people with dementia: Cost Effectiveness Analysis. British Journal of Psychiatry: 574 - 580.
  12. D’Amico, F., Rehill, A., Knapp, M., Aguirre, E., Donovan, H., Hoare, Z., ... & Whitaker, C. (2014). Maintenance cognitive stimulation therapy: an economic evaluation within a randomised controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association (JAMDA): long-term care: management, applied research and clinical issues.
  13. The ESSENCE Project. (2019). Cognitive stimulation therapy: economic evidence. (2019). Retrieved from: https://essenceproject.uk/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/Essence_6_CST.pdf 
  14. NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement. (2011) An economic evaluation of alternatives to antipsychotic drugs for individuals living with dementia. The NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement, Coventry House, University of Warwick Campus, Coventry, UK.
  15. Aguirre E, Spector A, Streater A, Hoe J, Woods B and Orrell M (2012). Making a Difference 2: an evidence based group program to offer maintenance Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) to people with dementia. Hawker Publications, UK.
  16. Yates L, Orrell M, Leung P, Spector A, Woods B, Orgeta V (2014). Making a Difference 3: Individualised CST – A manual for carers. Hawker Publications, UK